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Goal Setting (Conversation 1)

Updated: Sep 18, 2023

Goal setting

A. Vocabulary:

- Match the word with its definition:

1. To break the ice: A. Feeling sudden strong emotion.

2. Excited: B. (Idiom) easy.

3. Overwhelmed: C. Having or showing a practical awareness of things as they are.

4. To have a lot on one’s plate: D. To make something more in number or quantity.

5. To set a goal: E. To decide what you want to accomplish and make a plan to achieve it.

6. To achieve: F. Physical or mental activity needed to achieve something.

7. A piece of cake: G. (Idiom) To start a conversation with a stranger.

8. To exert: H. To make something better.

9. Efforts: I. (Idiom) To have a lot of important work to finish.

10. Acronym: J. To succeed in finishing something or reaching a goal.

11. Specific: K. Something that you can measure to know its exact size or amount.

12. Measurable: L. Something that is possible to happen especially after some hard work.

13. Achievable: M. To use hard work to make something happen.

14. Improve: N. Clear and exact; particular.

15. Increase: O. Feeling very happy and energetic.

16. Realistic: P. An abbreviation consisting of the first letters of each word in the name of something, pronounced as a word.


B. Conversation:

- Read and practise the following conversation:

First day in an ESL class. A conversation between Mike and Cathy. Mike is trying to break the ice.

Mike: Good morning. My name is Mike. Nice to meet you.

Cathy: Nice to meet you too. You can call me Cathy. Are you excited about learning English?

Mike: I’m not sure. I feel a bit overwhelmed.

Cathy: Why are you saying that?

Mike: I don’t know. I guess because I want to learn a lot in a short time. You see, I want to improve my grammar, my pronunciation, and my writing skill. I also want to increase my vocabulary. I need to find a job as soon as possible.

Cathy: Wow! I see that you have a lot on your plate. I think that you should set a goal and make a plan to achieve it.

Mike: A goal and a plan? That sounds like a lot of work.

Cathy: Well, learning a new language is not a piece of cake. You need to be patient and exert some effort. Most importantly, you must have a “SMART” goal.

Mike: “SMART”? What do you mean?

Cathy: It’s an acronym. “S” means “specific”. “M” means “measurable”. “A” means “achievable”. “R” means “Realistic”. “T” means “time limit”.

Mike: I don’t get it. Can you explain more, please?

Cathy: Let’s talk after class. The teacher is here.


C. Comprehension:

- Answer the following questions:

1. How did Mike break the ice?

2. How does Mike feel about learning English?

3. Does Mike have a lot on his plate? Explain.

4. Why do you think Mike feels overwhelmed?

5. What did Cathy suggest for him to do?

6. Why is learning English not a piece of cake?

7. What is Cathy’s advice to Mike to learn English?

8. What does “SMART” stand for?

- Which of the following sentences are true and which ones are false? Correct the false ones:

1. Mike and Cathy have known each other for a long time.

2. Mike is very excited about learning English.

3. Cathy feels overwhelmed because she has a lot to do.

4. You don’t have to set a goal or make a plan to learn English.

5. You can learn any language quickly and without any effort.


- Fill in the blanks with the correct word(s) from the vocabulary list:

1. Jack is very busy at work. He has _______________________________________.

2. ESL is an ________________________. It stands for English as a Second Language.

3. Can you be more _____________________ about where exactly you feel the pain?

4. Employees should have _____________________ and ________________________ targets if you want them to accomplish their goals.

5. I’m sure that moving to a new country is not a __________________________.

6. Children are _________________________ about watching a new movie.

7. Lolita moved to another city, went back to school and had a part-time job in a very short time. She feels so _____________________________.

8. You can’t lose 10 kg in a week. You have to be __________________________.

9. Hannah is an extrovert. She can ___________________________ in a minute.

10. Before starting a new project, you need to __________ and make an action plan.

11. To _____________a goal, one needs to ______________ a lot of ______________.



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