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How to Use Conditional III in English Grammar?

If Conditional III

When do we use “If Conditional III”?

We use it to talk about an imaginary (Unreal) situation in the past.

Because we are talking about an unreal situation in the past, we use the “past perfect” tense.

Ex. If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a bigger house.

In real life I didn’t win the lottery and I didn’t buy a bigger house.

Ex. If he had gotten the job, he would have moved to another city.

In real life he didn’t get the job and he didn’t move to another city.

Here are more examples:

If I had had the chance, I would have given you a raise.

If he had been at home, he would have answered the phone.

Note: We can start our sentence with the main clause and continue with “If clause”. In this case we don’t use a comma “,”.

Ex. She would have become a truck driver if she had passed the test.

Ex. I would have been upset if you hadn’t come to my wedding.

Ex. They would have faced less trouble if they had been honest.



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