Beat the Heat

Updated: Jul 7






Beat the Heat

Hot weather warnings for Toronto

Extreme heat is a health risk. Heat-related illness includes heatstroke, heat exhaustion, heat fainting, heat rash, and muscle cramps. Heat-related illness is preventable.

Watch for symptoms of heat-related illnesses which can include:

  • Dizziness or fainting

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Headache

  • Rapid breathing and heartbeat

  • Extreme thirst

If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately move to a cool place and drink liquids. Cool water is best, not ice-cold liquid.

Heatstroke is a medical emergency. Call 9-1-1 if you have or someone you are with has a high body temperature, along with one or a combination of the following: confused, unconscious, or has stopped sweating. While you are waiting for help, cool the person right away by moving them to a cool or shady place, remove excess clothing, and/or apply cool water to large areas of the skin or clothing.


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Tips to Beat the Heat

· Drink plenty of cool water even before you feel thirsty

· Go to an air-conditioned place

· Wear loose, light-colored, breathable clothing, and when outdoors

wear a wide-brimmed hat.

· Avoid the sun and stay in the shade or use an umbrella

· Reschedule or plan outdoor exercise (e.g. run, walk, bike) during the cooler parts of the day (morning or evening) (Use the shadow rule)

· Avoid intense or moderately intense physical activity.

· Take cool showers or baths or use cool wet towels to cool down.

· Never leave a person or pet inside a parked car.

· Call, text, or video chat at-risk family, friends, or neighbors (especially older adults living alone) to make sure they are drinking plenty of fluids and keeping cool.

· If you sleep outside during the day, try to sleep in the shade. Remember the shade moves, so try to sleep in a spot that will be shady for a few hours.




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Groups at Greater Risk for Heat-Related Illness

· Older adults, especially those who are living alone (Isolated)

· Infants and young children

· People with chronic illnesses, such as heart or respiratory conditions

· People with limited physical mobility.

· People who work or exercise in the heat.

· People experiencing homelessness.



Tips for seniors and children

These groups of people are at a greater risk of getting a heat stroke during the summer months. You can follow these tips to keep them safe and cool:

- Provide plenty of water. Keep them hydrated by offering them cool water from time to time.

- Use a fan or air-conditioning to keep your home cool. - Provide water and enough shade when you are outdoors.

- Never leave them unattended in hot weather.

- Heat stroke is a serious medical condition that requires immediate intervention. Untreated, it can lead to death. Act quickly to cool down your family member by moving them to a shaded area, and pouring cool water over their bodies.




Adapted from: https://www.toronto.ca/community-people/health-wellness-care/health-programs-advice/hot-weather/beat-the-heat/

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A. Vocabulary:

Find the meaning of the following words:

1. Extreme: a. to suddenly become unconscious for a short time.

2. Risk: b. the mixture we get when we put things together

3. Fainting c. not near to other places

4. Cramps: d. extra

5. Preventable: e. fast

6. Rapid: f. very strong

7. Combination: g. having a big brim

8. Wide-brimmed: h. can be stopped

9. Intense: i. able to move easily and freely

10. Mobility: j. very large in amount or degree.

11. Isolated: k. the possibility of something bad happening.

12. Excess: l. a sudden painful tightening in muscle.

B. Answer the following questions:

1. Give examples of heat-related illnesses.

2. What are the symptoms of heat-related illnesses?

3. What do you need to do if you have a heat-related illness?

4. Which tips do you follow to beat the heat?

5. Give examples of air-conditioned places.

6. What is “The Shadow Rule”?

7. Who is at greater risk of heat-related illnesses?

8. How can you help them?

9. Give examples of isolated older adults.

10. You can't visit people during COVID time. What is the alternative?


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C. Fill in the blanks with the correct word(s) from the box:


Heat – Rash – Headaches – Thirsty – Symptoms – Sweat – Excess – Shade – Fluids - Exercise


1. My son always cries when he is _________________________________________.

2. People who work out doors _________________________________________ a lot.

3. Teach your children to stay under the _________________ when they feel very hot.

4. Samira always gets very bad _____________________________ during heat waves.

5. The government of Canada issues ______________________ warnings in the summer.

6. If you get heat exhaustion, try to drink lots of _______________________________.

7. People with sensitive skin get ___________________________________ very easily.

8. It’s important to ____________ either early in the morning or late in the afternoon.

9. To beat the heat, take off any _______________________ clothing you’re wearing.

10. ____________________ of heatstroke are, fainting, vomiting and rapid heartbeat.


D. Dictation:

- Write the words that you hear from your teacher.




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